Me Shin Ilimin halittu kanana

Eukaryotic kwayoyin mallaka membrane-daure kwayoyin halitta da kuma hada fungi da protists, alhãli kuwa prokaryotic kwayoyin-duk wanda kwayoyin-an conventionally classified a matsayin rasa membrane-daure wasu gabbansa da kuma hada eubacteria da archaebacteria. Kwayoyin al'ada dõgara a kan al'ada, batawa, da kuma bincike da madubin likita. Duk da haka, kasa da 1% na kananan kwayoyin halitta ba a na kowa yanayin iya zama mai ladabi a kadaici yin amfani halin yanzu wajen. [2] Kwayoyin sau da yawa dõgara a kan ilmin sanin kwayoyin halittu da kayayyakin aiki, kamar DNA jerin tushen ganewa, misali 16s rRNA gene jerin amfani ga kwayoyin ganewa.

Ilimin shi ne nazarin duk rayayyun kwayoyin halitta da suke ma kananan zuwa zama a bayyane da ido tsirara. Wannan ya hada da kwayoyin cuta, archaea, ƙwayoyin cuta, fungi, prions, protozoa da algae, tare sani da 'microbes'. Wadannan microbes wasa key ayyuka a gina jiki keke, biodegradation / biodeterioration, sauyin yanayi, abinci spoilage, a cikin hanyar da iko da cuta, da kuma fasahar binciken halittu. Mun gode wa versatility, microbes za a iya sa aiki a hanyoyi da dama: yin rai ceton kwayoyi, da yi na man shuke-shuken, tsaftacewa up ƙazantarsu, kuma samar da / aiki da abinci da abin sha.

Kwayoyin karatu microbes, da kuma wasu daga cikin mafi muhimmanci binciken da suka underpinned zamani al'umma sun sa daga bincike na shahara kwayoyin, kamar Jenner da maganin da smallpox, Fleming da kuma gano penicillin, Marshall da katin shaida na mahada tsakanin Helicobacter pylori kamuwa da cuta da kuma ciki ulcers, da kuma zur Hausen, wanda gano mahada tsakanin papilloma cutar da cutar sankarar mahaifa.

Ilimin bincike ya kasance, da kuma ci gaba da zama, tsakiyar saduwa da yawa daga cikin halin yanzu duniya bukatun da kuma kalubale, kamar rike abinci, da ruwa da makamashi da tsaro ga wani m yawan a kan wani wurin rayuwa duniya. Ilimin binciken zai kuma taimaka wajen amsa tambayoyi babban kamar 'yadda bambancin ne rayuwa a duniya?', Da kuma 'bata rai ya wanzu da sauran wurare a cikin sãsanni da'?


Post lokaci: Dec-04-2018

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