Yuav ua li cas yog Microbiology

Eukaryotic kab mob muaj membrane-ua txhua yam cell organelles thiab muaj xws li fungi thiab protists, whereas prokaryotic kab mob-tag nrho cov uas yog kab mob-yog conventionally dej num raws li tsis membrane-ua txhua yam organelles thiab muaj xws li eubacteria thiab archaebacteria. Microbiologists feeb tso siab rau kab lis kev cai, uas tseg tau, thiab microscopy. Txawm li cas los, tsawg tshaj li 1% ntawm cov kab mob tam sim no nyob rau hauv ntau kev kawm muaj peev xwm yuav coj mus kuaj nyob rau hauv kev rho tawm siv tam sim no txhais tau tias. [2] Microbiologists feem ntau cia siab rau molecular biology uas cov cuab yeej xws li DNA ib theem zuj zus raws li kev qhia kom paub, piv txwv li 16s rRNA noob ib theem zuj zus siv rau kab mob kev qhia kom paub.

Microbiology yog txoj kev tshawb no ntawm tag nrho cov uas muaj sia nyob uas yog tsawg heev yuav tsum pom nrog tus liab qab qhov muag. Qhov no muaj xws li cov kab mob, archaea, cov kab mob, fungi, prions, protozoa thiab algae, collectively hu ua 'microbes'. Cov microbes ua si tseem ceeb luag hauj lwm nyob rau hauv as cycling, biodegradation / biodeterioration, kev nyab xeeb kev hloov, khoom noj khoom haus ua rau zaubmov lwj, qhov ua rau thiab cov kev tswj ntawm tus kab mob, thiab biotechnology. Tsaug rau lawv versatility, microbes yuav muab tso mus ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv ntau txoj kev: ua lub neej-saving tshuaj, cov siv thiab ua cov biofuels, tu ua qias tuaj, thiab ua / ua zaub mov thiab haus dej haus.

Microbiologists kawm microbes, thiab ib co ntawm cov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws discoveries uas tau underpinned lub neej niaj hnub tau ua los ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb uas nto moo microbiologists, xws li Jenner thiab nws tshuaj tiv thaiv smallpox, Fleming thiab tus foundations ntawm penicillin, Marshall thiab cov cim ntawm cov kev txuas ntawm Helicobacter pylori kab mob thiab lub plab ulcers, thiab zur Hausen, uas qhia tau qhov link ntawm papilloma virus thiab lub tsev me nyuam mob cancer.

Microbiology kev tshawb fawb no lawm, thiab tseem mus yuav tau, central rau lub rooj sib tham muaj ntau yam ntawm cov tam sim no lub ntiaj teb no dee thiab txoj kev sib tw, xws li kev tswj zaub mov, dej thiab lub zog kev ruaj ntseg rau ib tug noj qab nyob zoo pejxeem rau ib tug habitable ntiaj teb. Microbiology kev tshawb fawb no yuav pab teb cov lus loj lus nug xws li 'yuav ua li cas muaj ntau haiv neeg yog lub neej nyob rau lub ntiaj teb?', Thiab 'tsis lub neej nyob ua ib ke rau lwm qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub ntug'?


Post lub sij hawm: Dec-04-2018

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